Identified as the oldest public park in Mexico City, Alameda
Central is on the site of what used to be a bustling Aztec marketplace. It was
developed in 1592, under the orders of Viceroy Luis de Velasco II. It became a
site for the public burning of witches and other prisoners convicted during the
Inquisition period in Mexico. Since then, it has become a venue for concerts,
theatrical performances and art exhibitions.
Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe is home to a cloak
with an impression of Our Lady of Guadalupe. The first structure in the
basilica complex was initially constructed in the 17th century and
completed in the 18th century. In 1921, a bomb exploded near the altar
and caused severe damage to the interiors of the structure. The famous cloak
remained unharmed and remained in the original basilica until 1974, when a new
basilica was constructed next to the old one when the latter was deemed unsafe
for use due to the decline of its foundations.
Casa de los Azulejos or House of Tiles is most famous for
its façade covered with blue and white tiles from the Puebla state of Mexico.
The palace changed hands a number of times before it was finally acquired by
the Sanborns late in the 19th century. The Sanborns spent two years
remodeling the palace, adding a stained-glass roof to cover the main courtyard,
new floors and a peacock mural by the Romanian painter, Pacologue. In 1931, the
18th century Baroque palace was recognized as a national monument. A
restaurant at the palace courtyard now dominates the entire establishment.
Chapultepec Castle sits on top of its namesake hill and
offers wonderful views of Mexico City from its impressive terraces. Initially constructed
as a summerhouse for the viceroy, the castle has served a slew of purposes
throughout its history, including being a gunpowder warehouse, a military
academy, an Imperial residence, a Presidential home and an observatory.
Presently, it is home to the National Museum of History. Neo-romanticism,
Neoclassical and Neo-gothic themes
dominate the architectural style of Chapultepec Castle.
Recognized as the oldest and largest Roman Catholic cathedral in Latin America, the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral rises on site of what was the sacred precinct of the Aztec Templo Mayor. Officially known as Catedral Metropolitana de la Asunción de la Santísima Virgen María a los cielos, the Metropolitan Cathedral was built section by section from the 16th to the 19th century. The length of time taken to build the cathedral, along with the contributions of several architects, masters and artists of the viceroyalty, resulted to the mix of Gothic, Plateresque, Baroque and Neoclassical influences on its architectural style.
Found in Mexico City’s historic center, the church is of Churrigueresque
style and is recognized as the finest example of Baroque in Mexico. Most people
refer to Capilla de Nuestra Señora del Pilar as La Enseñanza or the Teaching
Church due to the convent formerly associated with it, El Convento de la
Enseñanza La Antigua. The convent was closed following the 1867 Reform War and
was converted into a penal facility. Throughout the years, the convent served
as a Palace of Justice, General Notary Archive and Ministry of Education
offices. It reopened as a place of worship in 1974 and has remained as such since then.
Also referred to as Palacio Postal and Correo Mayor, Palacio de Correos de México is found in the historic center of the city. Built in 1907, the structure features an eclectic style that fuses several design traditions, the most dominant of which is Neo-Plateresque. In the 1950s, the Bank of Mexico in the neighboring building occupied a large portion of of Palacio Postal, leading to the construction of two bridges to connect the two buildings. This caused a lot of strain on the steel structure of Palacio Postal and in 1985, it was severely damaged when an earthquake hit the city. The building was restored to its original appearance in the 1990s. The building continues to function as a post office. It also housed the Naval Historical Museum until 2013.
Located at Plaza de la Constitución, the National Palace
serves as the seat of Mexico’s federal executive. It has housed the ruling
class since the times of the Aztec Empire. The site of the current palace,
along with most of its building materials, is from the “New Houses” of
Moctezuma II. It has seen a number of reconstructions and renovations over the
centuries, and presently reflects the Spanish influence in the region.
Commonly known as The Zócalo, Plaza de la Constitución is
the main square of central Mexico City. It dates back before the colonial
period in Mexico, when it was the primary ceremonial center of Tenochtitlan, an
Aztec city. Since then, it has always been a venue for gathering for Mexicans.
It has witnessed several viceroy inductions, military parades, royal
proclamations, Mexican ceremonies, national protests and national celebrations.
Named to commemorate the three periods of Mexico’s history
as seen on the buildings surrounding the plaza, the Square of the Three
Cultures is the archaeological location of the Tlatelolco city-state. It is
also where the 1968 Tlatelolco Massacre took place. A stone memorial was
erected on the southern side of the square to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the infamous massacre.
Belonging to the Post-classic period of Mesoamerican architectural style, the Templo Mayor served as the main temple in Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. These days, artifacts discovered during the archaeological excavation of the temple are now on display at the museum on the site of the ancient temple complex. Visiting the excavation site allows one to view models of Tenochtitlan, the sacred precinct, and Templo Mayor. Ruins of the ancient temple can also be explored on site.
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.