Berlin has a rich and colorful history that one can easily appreciate through the various landmarks dotting the city. This is no surprise as there are several UNESCO sites in Germany. Here are some of the impressive historical sites in Berlin:
The Berlin Wall Memorial spans 1.4 kilometers of what used to be the strip bordering East and West Berlin. This remembrance stretch has a preserved portion of the original Berlin Wall that helps visitors understand the chilling history behind the German discord of the past.
Once a principal political detention establishment of the Stasi, the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial is now a museum that offers walking tours to visitors. The tours allow visitors to have a glimpse of the dark history of the structure.
Berliner Dom is a lofty cathedral that is considered a key historic architectural wonder of the Kaiserzeit. Set on the historical neighborhood of Colin in Berlin, Berliner Dom was originally constructed following the Renaissance style, until it was subsequently renovated with Brick Gothic influences.
Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) was built in the 18th century under the decree of Frederick William II, a Prussian king. This neoclassical monument features 12 Doric columns, topped with a classical statue of a quadriga. It is definitely one of the beautiful landmarks in Berlin for history lovers.
Built in the late 17th century for Sophie Charlotte, a Prussian Queen consort, Charlottenburg Palace was significantly expanded in the 18th century. The palace features baroque and rococo architecture, and its interiors further reflect these lavish styles. Among the additions to the palace are the large formal garden, mausoleum, belvedere, pavilion and theater. This baroque and rococo summer palace is also well-known for its rooms teeming with tapestries, porcelain and paintings.
Checkpoint C (Checkpoint Charlie) is a popular crossing point between East and West Berlin during the infamous Cold War. After East and West Germany reunited, Checkpoint Charlie has since become a tourist attraction.
Gendarmenmarkt was named after the Gens d’armes cuirassier regiment that had its stables at the site until they were demolished in 1773 under the orders of Friedrich II. Presently, this large public square is surrounded by an ensemble of spectacular efforts, including the stately Französischer Dom (French Church), the 18th century Deutscher Dom (German Church), and the classical Konzerthaus Berlin (the most recent addition). One can also see a statute of the poet Friedrich Schiller at the center of the square.
While historians agree that a united German resistance movement against the Nazis is unheard of, the German Resistance Memorial Center commemorates German resistance to the Nazi regime, including the White Rose, Christian church opposition activities, civil, intelligence and armed resistance groups, and underground social democratic and communist Networks. The German Resistance Memorial was originally in remembrance of the German Army conspirators who plotted an assassination of Adolf Hitler in 1944.
The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe or simply Holocaust Memorial in Berlin is a collection of more than 2000 concrete slabs that continues to attract tourists from different parts of the globe.
A comely lakeside villa at first glance, Haus der Wannsee-Konferenz (House of the Wannsee Conference) is where the Nazis drew the plans for the obliteration of European Jews. These days, the villa is a memorial museum where visitors can learn more about the haunting, systematic process that resulted to the Holocaust.
Located on Kurfürstendamm at the center of Breitscheidplatz in Berlin, the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is a contrast of ancient and modern architectural styles. The old church follows Neo-Romanesque architectural traditions, while during its reconstruction after World War II (when it was severely damaged during a bombing raid), the architecture observed Modernist styles.
A UNESCO World Heritage site, Museum Island earned its name through the presence of several internationally significant museums on it. This museum complex houses the Altes Museum (built in 1830), Neues Museum (completed in 1859), Alte Nationalgalerie (completed in 1876), Bode Museum (opened in 1904 as Kaiser-Friedrich Museum), Pergamon Museum (built in 1930), and the Humboldt Forum (slated to open in 2020) that will incorporate the Museum of Asian Art and Ethnological Museum of Berlin.
Constructed from 1859 until 1866, this Jewish community synagogue bears an eastern Moorish style that has similarities to The Alhambra in Andalusia, Spain. It is recognized to be a significant example of Berlin architecture in the 2nd half of the 1800s.
This historic, glass-domed structured is where the German
parliament convenes. Construction began in 1871 and it first opened its doors in
1894, housing the Diet until it was severely damaged after the fire of 1933.
After the Second World War, Reichstag fell into disrepair and was only
reconstructed several decades later, with the project having been completed in
The Topography of Terror is both an indoor and outdoor
museum set on what used to be the structures occupied by the SS, SD,
Einsatzgruppen, Sicherheitspolizei and Gestapo during the Nazi regime. Today,
Topography of Terror houses permanent, special and temporary exhibitions on the
horrors of the Nazi reign. It is also home to a special library dedicated to
volumes of topics centering on the SS, police and Gestapo during the Third
Reich, as well as general National Socialism.
A column that originally celebrated the victory of the Prussians in the Danish-Prussian war, a bronze sculpture of the Roman goddess Victoria was added onto it later on to commemorate the victory of the Prussians in the Unification Wars.
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